Eye Examinations

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Eye ExamsEye Associates recommends that most people have an eye exam every one to two years depending upon age and health. An annual eye exam is one of the most important diagnostic and preventative measures you can take to protect your vision and health.

If you are in a higher-risk category for eye disease or complications, we may recommend more frequent exams. If you notice a change in your vision or injure your eye, you should contact us immediately.

Usually upon your visits, you will be dilated so that the doctors can look into the back of your eyes. If you do not want dilation drops, Eye Associates offers a special camera that will allow an undilated view of your retina. We will offer you this option if you do not want the traditional dilation drops to be used.

Second opinions and consultations are offered as well. We understand the importance in getting a different point of view when it comes to things such as surgery. We are here to make sure you get the best eye care possible.

While this information is helpful, it should not be construed as medical advice. For more detailed explanation on any of these topics, please consult one of our doctors.


Myopia (Nearsightedness)

Nearsighted individuals typically have problems seeing well at a distance, and wear glasses or contact lenses to optimize visual acuity. The nearsighted eye is usually longer than a normal eye, and its cornea may also be steeper. Therefore, when light passes through the cornea and lens, it is focused in front of the retina. This will make distant images appear blurred. There are several refractive surgery solutions available to correct nearly all levels of nearsightedness. These include glasses, contact lenses, and Custom LASIK.

 

Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

Farsighted individuals typically develop problems reading up close before the age of 40. The farsighted eye is usually slightly shorter than a normal eye, and may have a flatter cornea. Thus, the light of distant objects focuses behind the retina unless the natural lens can compensate fully. Near objects require even greater focusing power to be seen clearly, and therefore, blur more easily. Glasses, contact lenses, Custom LASIK, and refractive lens exchange are a few of the options available to correct farsightedness.

 

Astigmatism

Asymmetric steepening of the cornea or natural lens causes light to be focused unevenly, which is the main optical problem in astigmatism. To individuals with uncorrected astigmatism, images may look blurry or shadowed. Astigmatism can accompany any form of refractive error, and is very common.

Astigmatism can be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, Custom LASIK, corneal relaxing incisions, laser vision correction, and special intraocular lens implants.

 

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is a condition that typically becomes noticeable for most people around age 40 - 45. In children and young adults, the lens inside the eye can easily focus on distant and near objects. With age, the lens loses its ability to focus adequately.

Although presbyopia is not completely understood, it is thought that the lens and its supporting structures lose the ability to make the lens longer during close vision effort. To compensate, affected individuals usually find that holding reading material further away makes the image clearer. Ultimately, aids such as reading glasses or bifocals are typically needed by the early to mid-forties.

Besides glasses, presbyopia can be dealt with in a number of ways. Options include: Near Vision Restoration, monovision and multifocal contact lenses, monovision laser vision correction, and new presbyopia correcting intraocular lens implants.

 

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