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Macular Degeneration

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) damages, then destroys, the eye’s finely-detailed central vision, making it difficult to read or drive. Symptoms can include a central blurry spot or straight lines that appear wavy. Finding and treating AMD promptly can help slow vision loss. Being over 60, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and a family history of AMD increases your risk.

WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF MACULAR DEGENERATION?

There are two types of Macular Degeneration, wet and dry. What Is Macular Degeneration? Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) damages, then destroys, the eye’s finely-detailed central vision, making it difficult to read or drive. Symptoms can include a central blurry spot or straight lines that appear wavy. Finding and treating AMD promptly can help slow vision loss. Being over 60, smoking, high blood pressure, obesity, and a family history of AMD increase your risk.

Dry MD is the most common. It is caused by the aging and thinning of blood vessels under the macula which results in mild, yet gradually occurring loss of vision that is especially noticeable during activities such as reading. Dry MD accounts for about 80% of all Macular Degeneration cases, but leads to only 20% of cases in which there is a severe loss of vision.

 

Wet MD is less frequent but accounts for the majority of cases with severe vision loss. It is significantly more aggressive in nature and is caused by an abnormal growth of new blood vessels that leak blood and other fluids. Wet MD disrupts the central viewing function of the macula resulting in visual distortion and eventually the loss of central vision entirely.

 

Research for treatments of Macular Degeneration has progressed dramatically. New technologies now exist for treating the disease. In the meantime, high-intensity reading lamps, magnifiers and other low-vision aids help people with Macular Degeneration make the most of their remaining vision.

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